Floor planPosted on: May 15, 2018, by : xnlamp
A floor plan is not a top view orbirds eye view. It is a measured drawing to scale of the layout of a floor in a building. Atop vieworbirds eye viewdoes not show an orthogonally projected plane cut at the typical four foot height above the floor level. A floor plan could show:
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Floor plans use standard symbols to indicate features such as doors. This symbol shows the location of the door in a wall and which way the door opens.
Dimensions are usually drawn between the walls to specify room sizes and wall lengths. Floor plans may also include details of fixtures like sinks, water heaters, furnaces, etc. Floor plans may include notes for construction to specify finishes, construction methods, or symbols for electrical items.
Aplan viewis anorthographic projectionof a three-dimensional object from the position of a horizontal plane through the object. In other words, a plan is asectionviewed from the top. In such views, the portion of the object above the plane (section) is omitted to reveal what lies beyond. In the case of a floor plan, the roof and upper portion of the walls may typically be omitted.
A3D floor plancan be defined as a virtual model of a building floor plan. Its often used to better convey architectural plans to individuals not familiar with floor plans. Despite the purpose of floor plans originally being to depict 3D layouts in a 2D manner, technological expansion has made rendering 3D models much more cost effective. 3D plans show a better depth of image and are often complimented by 3D furniture in the room. This allows a greater appreciation of scale than with traditional 2D floor plans.
It is also called aplanwhich is a measured plane typically projected at the floor height of 4ft (1.2m), as opposed to anelevationwhich is a measured plane projected from the side of a building, along its height, or a section orcross sectionwhere abuilding, is cut along an axis to reveal the interior structure.
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Sample floor plan for asingle-family detached home
A sample floor plan of aCaravanserai.
Similar to amapthe orientation of the view is downward from above, but unlike a conventionalmap, a plan is drawn at a particular vertical position (commonly at about 4 feet above the floor). Objects below this level are seen, objects at this level are shown cut in plan-section, and objects above this vertical position within the structure are omitted or shown dashed.Plan viewor planform is defined as a verticalorthographic projectionof an object on a horizontal plane, like a map.
The term may be used in general to describe any drawing showing the physical layout of objects. For example, it may denote the arrangement of the displayed objects at anexhibition, or the arrangement of exhibitor booths at aconvention. Drawings are now reproduced usingplottersand large formatxerographiccopiers.
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Roof plans are orthographic projections, but they are not sections as their viewing plane is outside of the object.
This page was last edited on 15 March 2018, at 03:43.
Church floor plan,St. Leonhard, Frankfurt, transformed from Romanesque to Gothic
For integrated circuit diagrams, seeFloorplan (microelectronics). For the financial term, seeRetail floorplan.
Inarchitectureandbuilding engineering, afloor planis a drawing toscale, showing a view from above, of the relationships between rooms, spaces, traffic patterns, and other physical features at one level of a structure.
Areflected ceiling plan(RCP) shows a view of the room as if looking from above, through the ceiling, at a mirror installed one foot below the ceiling level, which shows thereflectedimage of the ceiling above. This convention maintains the same orientation of the floor and ceilings plans – looking down from above. RCPs are used by designers and architects to demonstrate lighting, visible mechanical features, and ceiling forms as part of the documents provided for construction.
A plan is a common method of depicting the internal arrangement of a three-dimensional object in two dimensions. It is often used intechnical drawingand is traditionally crosshatched. The style of crosshatching indicates the type of material the section passes through.
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